House Mouse/Deer Mouse Identification
Identification and Range:
The House Mouse (Mus musculus) is a small, slender rodent that
has a slightly pointed nose; small, black, somewhat protruding eyes;
large, scantily haired ears, and a nearly hairless tail with obvious
scale rings. The adult Mouse weighs about 2/5 to 4/5 ounces. They
are generally grayish-brown with a gray or buff belly. Similar Mice
include the White-footed Mouse and Harvest Mice (which have
grooved upper incisor teeth.)   The House Mouse has a overall gray
color. The White-footed Mouse and Deer Mouse both have a white
underside.

The House Mouse's tail has very little fur on it, the tails of the Deer
Mouse and the White-footed Mouse are moderately to well furred
and are light underneath and dark on top. Native to central Asia,
this species arrived in North America along with settlers from
Europe and other points of origin. A very adaptable species, the
House Mouse often lives in close association with humans and
therefore is termed one of the "commensal" rodents along with
Norway and Roof Rats. Following their arrival on colonists’ ships,
House Mice spread across North America and now are found in
every state including coastal areas of Alaska, and in the southern
parts of Canada.

Habitat:
House Mice live in and around homes, farms, commercial
establishments, as well as in open fields and agricultural lands. The
onset of cold weather each fall in temperate regions is what causes
Mice to move into structures in search of shelter and food. House
Mice can dig and may burrow into the ground in fields or around
structures when other shelter is not readily available. Nesting may
occur here or in any sheltered location. Nests are constructed of
fibrous materials and generally have the appearance of a "ball" of
material loosely woven together. These nests are usually 4 to 6
inches in diameter.

Feeding Habits:
House Mice eat many types of food but prefer seeds and grain. They
are not hesitant to sample new foods and are considered "nibblers,"
sampling many kinds of items that may exist in their environment.
Foods high in fat, protein, or sugar may be preferred even when
grain and seed also are present. Such items include bacon,
chocolate candies, butter and nutmeats. A single Mouse eats only
about 3 grams of food per day (8 pounds per year) but because of
their habit of nibbling on many foods and discarding partially eaten
items, Mice destroy considerably more food than they consume.
Unlike Norway and Roof Rats, they can get by with little or no free
water, although they readily drink water when it is available. They
obtain their water needs from the food they eat. An absence of liquid
water or food of adequate moisture content in their environment
may reduce their breeding potential.

Feeding Behavior:
House Mice are mainly nocturnal, although at some locations
considerable daytime activity may be seen. Seeing Mice during
daylight hours does not necessarily mean there is a high population
present, although this usually is true for Rats.

Reproduction and Development:
Litters of 5 or 6 young are born 19 to 21 days after mating, although
females that conceive while still nursing may have a slightly longer
gestation period. Newborn mice are naked and their eyes are closed.
They grow rapidly and after 2 to 3 weeks they are covered with hair
and their eyes and ears are open. They begin to make short
excursions from the nest and eat solid food at 3 weeks. Weaning
soon follows, and Mice are sexually mature as early as 6 to 10
weeks old.

Mice may breed year-round and a female may have 5 to 10 litters
per year. Mouse populations can therefore grow rapidly under good
conditions, although breeding and survival of young slow markedly
when population densities become high.

During its daily activities, a Mouse normally travels an area
averaging 10 to 30 feet in diameter, seldom traveling further than
this to obtain food or water. Mice constantly explore and learn about
their environment, memorizing the locations of pathways, obstacles,
food and water, shelter and other elements in their domain. They
quickly detect new objects in their environment, but they do not
fear novel objects as do rats.

Senses:
Mice have poor eyesight, relying more on their hearing and their
excellent senses of smell, taste and touch. They are considered
essentially colorblind.

Contact Assassin Exterminating today for all your
mouse removal needs.
House Mouse
Adult House Mouse
House Mouse
Adult Deer Mouse
Deer Mouse
Deer Mouse
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